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Isaiah 28:15,18 – Agreement With Sheol Will Not Stand


Because you have said, We have made a covenant with death, and with Sheol are we at agreement; when the overflowing scourge shall pass through, it shall not come to us; for we have made lies our refuge, and under falsehood have we hid ourselves. — Isaiah 28:15, World English

There is nothing in this verse that indicates that sheol contains a place of torture or a place of bliss. Sheol again is aligned with death, indicating the condition that exists in the realm of death. — Ecclesiastes 9:10.

This message is directed to the rulers in Jerusalem. (Isaiah 28:14) Its time of fulfillment is related to when Christ comes, for we read in Isaiah 28:16: “Therefore thus says the Lord [Yahweh], ‘Behold, I am laying in Zion a stone, a tested stone, A costly cornerstone {for} the foundation, firmly placed. He who believes {in it} will not be disturbed.'” The stone is Jesus. So the message is directed toward the rulers in Jerusalem at the time of Jesus.

How did the rulers in the time of Jesus think that they had made a covenant with death, an agreement with sheol? We remember that the Jewish leaders had greatly diffused the word of God with Hellenistic philosophy. Both the Sadducees and the Pharisees to a great extent had accepted and blended Hellenistic thought into the Bible. Both the Pharisees and Sadducees had accepted the Hellenistic teaching of the immortality of the human soul, although the Hebrew Scriptures plainly show otherwise. Based on Grecian philosophy, the idea that several compartments existed in sheol in which the dead continued to have conscious existence. This was an agreement with sheol, but the wordage indicates that they thought even more than this: that their agreement with sheol would keep the coming destruction of Jerusalem from happening, that God’s judgment of destruction would not come upon them. The very Son of God himself had visited them; they proudly boasted that they did not need him, that they were self-sufficient in their Torah, and their doctrines and traditions of men, and these would certainly keep God’s scourge away from them.

Today we find the same thing in many of the religious leaders who, in effect, are like the Jewish leaders who had blended Grecian mythology in with the Bible . They have made a pact with sheol. According to a great majority of them, the soul is immortal and the dead in sheol are really not dead, but alive, and is living in one of several compartments of sheol: paradise (some claim that paradise was taken from sheol to heaven); limbo, purgatory, inferno, etc. They continue seek and teach others to seek refuge in these lies of the human traditions and doctrines.

Isaiah 28:18 – Your covenant with death shall be annulled, and your agreement with Sheol shall not stand; when the overflowing scourge shall pass through, then you shall be trodden down by it. — Isaiah 28:18, World English

This is a continuation of the same prophecy as discussed in the last scripture. The Pharisee’s agreement with sheol did not stand, and Jerusalem was destroyed in 70 CE.

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