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John 10:16 and the “Other Sheep”


John 10:16 = I have other sheep, which are not of this fold [house, court]. I must bring them also, and they will hear my voice. They will become one flock with one shepherd.

There is only one fold, one pastorage, for Yahweh’s people during the Gospel age. In it all his true ones of this Gospel age find rest and shelter and peace in faith in obedience even as evil is all around. (Philippians 2:15) The “other sheep” are not of this court, however. The “other sheep” are those of the world of mankind who hear the Master’s voice in the next age and also become part of his flock then. We need to note that the scripture as it reads in the King James Version is not the best translation. The New American Standard reads: “And I have other sheep, which are not of this fold [Strong’s #833 – court, palace, house*]; I must bring them also, and they shall hear My voice, and they shall become one flock [Strong’s #4167, – flock] with one shepherd.” Thus the sheep in the present age are nourished in a courtyard that is hostile to them – this present evil generation. (2 Corinthians 4:4; Philippians 2:15) The sheep of the next age will be developed under favorable conditions, the new earth, wherein righteousness will dwell. — 2 Peter 3:13.
See: The Restoration of All Things
*Strong’s #833, The King James Version translates this word 7 times as “palace”, 2 times as “hall”, twice as “fold” and once as “court”. The NAS renders this word as “court” three times, “courtyard” five times, “fold” twice, “house” once, and “palace” once.
“Aule” in the New American Standard
“Aule” in the King James Version

The “sheep” of the parable of the sheep and goats are not the sheep of the present age, whom the Master knows and who know the Master. (John 10:14) Rather, these are the “other sheep” who are not of the house that recognize the Master in the present age. The other sheep are brought forth from amongst those who are raised in the resurrection of the unjust (Acts 24:15) and become the sheep of the next age, and are thus not of the sheep who hear in this age. Those who become the “other sheep” in the age to come do not inherit a place in the ruling house of God, but do inherit the kingdom prepared from the founding of the world, the kingdom that was prepared for Adam and which he lost. (Matthew 25:34; Genesis 1:28; Psalm 8:3-8; Hebrews 2:6-8) These inherit these promises, not immediately after Armageddon (as some would have it), but after the final eternal destruction of the wicked which takes place after the thousand-year reign of Christ, the day which God has appointed “in which he will judge the world in righteousness.” — Revelation 20:7-9; Psalm 37:9-11; Acts 17:31.
See: Mankind’s Course to the Day of Judgment

Some have claimed that Jesus’ statements in John 10 limit salvation to this age, not recognizing that Jesus is speaking of two different time periods. One reason for the confusion is the way the KJV scrambles the translation of various words that Jesus used, which can lead one to a wrong conclusion. Looking at it from the viewpoint as we have given, there is nothing in this that would limit salvation in Jesus to this age, and exclude those who are not his sheep in the present house [Greek, Aule, Strong’s #833] from being raised for judgment in the last day. If all of the sheep are being selected in this age, then there is no need of a resurrection of the unjust to judgment. (John 5:28,29; 12:47,48; Acts 24:15) However, in stating that Jesus has “other sheep” that are not of this fold [Greek, Aule, house, court, courtyard], he is saying that there are other sheep yet to be gathered in the age to come, and which he speaks of in Matthew 25:31-46.

While today, the sheep who hear do so and travel a “restricted” or “cramped” way (Matthew 7:13,14), in the next age, those who become sheep will travel over a highway, in which not even a wayfaring fool need err therein. — Isaiah 35:8

Many believe that the “other sheep” are the Gentile Believers as contrasted with the Jewish believers. It is claimed that the “fold” that the other sheep are not a part of is Jewish believers. However, the sheep who are not of this house that Jesus spoke of are more than likely the same sheep that he spoke of in his parable of the sheep and goats. Are not the sheep of the parable of sheep and goats going to know Jesus and be known by Jesus? If we are to think that the other sheep who are not of the pastorage spoken in John 10 are simply the Gentiles who believe in this age, then it would seem the conclusion would be that there are no more sheep who will come to know Jesus in any age to come, and, indeed, some have come to that conclusion. However, obtaining the correct viewpoint of the scriptures, we can see that in the age to come, many will become sheep, and will come to know Yahweh and his Son, Jesus.

Thus, eventually, all the sheep — those who are called in this age while the world is still under the subjection to vanity and corruption (Psalm 39:5; Ecclesiastes 1:2,13-15; 2:11,17; 3:19; 4:8; 6:11; 7:13; 12:8; Romans 8:20; 2 Peter 1:4), and those who become his sheep in the age to come when Satan is abyssed (Revelation 20:1-3), when the present vail of darkness will be taken away (Isaiah 25:7), and when the human creation will be delivered from the bondage of corruption (Romans 8:21) — will all be God’s sheep; they will all become “one flock” with one shepherd. — Ezekiel 34:23

Question: Are the great multitude of Revelation 7 part of the “other sheep”?

Some claim that the “great multitude” of Revelation 7 are the “other sheep”, and the 144,000 of Revelation are the sheep of the “fold” that is spoken of in John 10:16. In reality, as we have shown elsewhere, the house of God in this age is made up of all three groups that are symbolically described in Revelation. The “great multitude” are not included in the “other sheep”, since they hear the voice of the shephed, and consecrate themseves in this age; they are thus of the house that hears the shepherd’s voice in this age.

Related Studies

The Great Multitude
The 144,000 and the Twelve Tribes
Will Billions Be Eternally Destroyed in the Battle of Armageddon?
Mankind’s Course to the Day of Judgment

Some related studies written by others
(We do not nescessarily agree with all details presented in these studies)

The Great Shepherd and His Flock

Separating the Sheep From the Goats

Thy Kingdom Come, Thy Will Be Done on Earth as It is in Heaven

What is Sin, and Who Are Sinners?

Parable of the Sheep and Goats

The Shepherd and the Sheep

Parable of the Sheep and Goats

Prophesy Against the Shepherds

Other Sheep Not of This Fold

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